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Tamparuli Sabah - A place to visit

Tamparuli Sabah was known as an old town rich with cultural value and fascinating places. The town located in the middle of Tuaran District, 36KM from the main city of Kota Kinabalu, easy to be found and a lot of surprises waiting for the visitors. The visitor will be fascinated with The Extreme Para Gliding Sport, The legendary of “Bukit Perahu”, Hatob-hatob Waterfall, Hanging Bridge and The Old Suspension Bridge Made by the British in the early 50s, The one and only "The Upside House Of Borneo" and Chantek Borneo Gallery if you visit Tamparuli Sabah. ( Please read more inside this website). For local tourist who likes to travel outside Malaysia, you can e-mail to D7tours and Travel Co through Harry.george@gmail.com. For International tourist who wish to visit Sabah The Land Below The Wind, you can e-mail or call to our correspondent travel agency:

______________________________________________________________________________
D7-TRAVEL AND TOURS-Registered Travel and Tours Co
IGNATIUS@ BOP JUANIS
H/p: 016-8121702

______________________________________________________________________________

"2016 PROMOTION "
Hired PA' System for Special Occasion, Wedding Ceremony, Birthday Party and Family Day. Offering at minimum charge.

1. Full Set PA' System and Karaoke (RM400.00 - 8hours)
2. Live Band - "Famous Band Player" RM1800 - Negotiable
3. New Set Of "Traditional Gong" - Gong player not included!!
4. Quality plastic chair for rental, RM1 per pcs. Extra charges for transport. Suitable for wedding, birthday, family day and so forth....
Contact Number: 013-8718601 or just whatapps!!!!!

For Booking please contact our correspondent:
Mackley Bod : 013-8693858
Fabian Jerome: 019-8424120


Business Area ( Tuaran, Tamparuli, Kiulu, Telipok, Inanam and Tenghilan ) Please book early or just sms or wassup us at 013-8718601.













MYTRONEXUS

Buy Cloth for Toddler

Buying Cloths for you Kids.

Hai, Christmas Day is just around the corner, I think this is the suitable time for you guy out there to buy gifts to your kids, parents and love one. There so many shopping complex in Kota Kinabalu such as 1B, Center Point, Karamunsing, City Mall, Suria Capital and Many more. This month you can will see a lot of promotions such as sale and so forth.. remember to use your money wisely. Buy the needed thing only but for this holiday season is not harm to buy special gift to your love one. Enjoy your holiday.


"Related Article"

People think that finding clothes for your toddlers is hard to do. On the contrary it's actually easy. There are a few things that you need to consider but it would e great if you consider the following so that you can buy the right clothes for a toddler.

The very first thing that you have to keep in mind when finding clothes for toddlers is the fit of those clothes. Remember that babies grew up very fast, so you need to find some clothes that they can be comfortable in. Choose the right size so that it will not be too snug or too big for them. If possible when you buy clothes for your baby, bring them along so that you know what size could fit them.

Babies have sensitive skin so it is important that you choose their clothes that are made of light weight materials and something that will not cause any allergic reaction. As much as possible avoid clothes that are too thick because it can irritate their skin. Use fabrics like cotton because it is a breathable fabric and it is perfect for your toddler's skin.

Your baby's clothes don't have to be expensive. They can only wear it for a few months so try to find good quality clothes that are affordable. A lot of people make the mistakes of buying very expensive clothes for their toddlers only to realize that they can only wear it for a few months. Remember that your babies grew up fast so buy only good quality clothes that can fit them well.

Style is not really that important for buying toddler's clothes. After all, they are not old enough to know what they are wearing. What most parents do is that they stay safe and choose clothes that are boring and plain for their toddlers to wear. Try to change it up a bit. Have some fun and choose something different for your baby. Why don't you try skull baby clothes? It has a fun design and it is different from most boring toddler's clothes. You can even try skull and crossbones baby clothes and make your toddler a stand out from the rest. They all are designed for your baby and it will not irritate their skin.

The last thing that you need to find out when buying toddler's clothes is that if it can be easily washed off. Kids can be messy and it would be a hassle if we clean all the time after them. So why don't you buy clothes that will not easily stain the fabric and can come out right away when you do the laundry? Check the label of the clothes if it can easily wash and choose these types of clothes for them.

These are the things you have to keep in mind when you are buying clothes for your toddler. You can do by visiting your local baby shop or if you want you can order these clothes. Just make sure though that you trust those websites and will not let you down when buying clothes.

Published At: Isnare.com Free Articles Directory - http://www.isnare.com/

Story: Tamparuli Admin

Picture: Google Image

Christmas Present For Nerd!!!

A story to be shared for you guy.

I like this article which I copy and paste so that you guys out there can read it for good. Many of the Tamparulian will be comming home to Tamparuli Sabah during Christmas Holidays.It was a nice feeling to came back home again to Tamparuli. Love Tamparuli so much. Happy Holidays and Drive Carefully . Below is the article that I adapted from the related website. Happy Reading.

If you're not much of a tech enthusiast yourself, this part of your Christmas shopping could be a little intimidating. Particularly if the nerd we are speaking about is someone special in your life, and it is very important than he receives a nice surprise. You know you can't go for a bottle of cologne or a sweater - they'd probably feel just like you would if you got a pair of socks for Christmas. You might have a somewhat vague idea that you could get a gadget or something. But how can you decide what to choose? What if it's outdated, or they already have it, or it's made by a company they despise?

First of all, here are some tips about gift shopping in general. If you want to make it special, you should get outside of your regular mindset. Try to put yourself in his shoes. Write down everything you know about what he enjoys: any particular hobbies, technology companies that he likes and dislikes, what he is working on, gadgets that he has, computer games that he has, movies he has a special interest in... and basically everything that you can think of about his possessions and interests. Pay increased attention of the things that he already has - you wouldn't want to go buying the exact same stuff. Also, listen to him when he's talking about tech things for a few weeks, even if you are not interested - they are a good source of information.

The list might have helped you narrow things down a bit, but how do you go about actually selecting the exact item? If you decide to buy a PC game, for instance, how do you go about choosing one if you don't play computer games yourself? One thing you can do is to try reading online reviews about the latest releases. But then people have diverse tastes - even if you get a new, very popular one, how do you know he will like it? A more solution is to talk to one of his friends if you can. If not, maybe you have a friend who plays computer games and can help you out.

Geeky toys might be a good idea - they are fun to have and not precisely something you would go buy for yourself. Your choice here is very wide - from walkie bits to small finger drums. It's all about how much thought and imagination you put into it. In the same direction, collectibles make an inspired present for someone who is very passionate about a specific movie or book.

If it's a geek who also enjoys to dress up and look respectable, you could pick a designer notebook bag. Of course, he already has one, but perhaps it is just an ordinary bag. The advantage here is that you don't need a lot of technical expertise to select a great model. You only have to know his laptop dimensions.

Books are an often forgotten present idea. Nonetheless, it's something you can't go wrong with if you choose carefully. You can either choose a novel or a specialty book. If he is into fantasy, for instance, you can choose a good fantasy book. Even if you don't read them, there are lots of reviews available online. A specialty book is good if he just began learning some new programming language and is very passionate about it.

Finally, geeky T-shirts (that those with Pi-day or the caffeine molecule) are generally a safe choice. Also, if he is very enthusiastic about a new gadget that he got, you may always buy some accessories for that. Speaking of gadgets - if you want to buy that, make sure you pick the latest version of anything. Having the latest updates of everything is part of what makes you a geek.

Now a lot of the ideas you might have can be on the higher-end price segment. The good news is that you are always able to find discounts if you know where to look. United Tech Store is the one-stop-shop for all geeky things. You can find anything here, from books to the coolest Xbox 360 accessories. This is not an online shop, but a comparison shopping engine focused on technology. This means it brings together products from several online stores, so that you get the best deals for the things you want to buy. You may also use it as a source of inspiration if you are still undecided - it has many product reviews, a tech news section, and a blog section focused on technology.

Published At: Isnare.com Free Articles Directory - http://www.isnare.com/

Story: Tamparuli Admin
Picture: Google Images
Sources: Mr Tom Sunduvan Blog

Internet Spamming E-mail



Internet Spamming E-mail
Hot Reminder to Tamparuli citizen

I will be super rich very soon. I received this notification in my e-mail BBC ONE WINNING NOTIFICATION!!. Oh, wow, I am speechless. I don't know what to do with this large sum of money. Thank you BBC... but wait. I am sure you ever received this email also. This is some of the international online scam that going around all over the internet, spamming everybody's e-mail. They strike one out of millions unaware internet user and they are laughing all the way to the bank. And you will never get back your money. So if you every received this kind of e-mail, please ignore it. Below article is adapted from Mr Tom Sunduvan related blog. I like the way he wrote his article and happy go lucky to him.

This is the e-mail I received in my e-mail's inbox.

BBC ONE NATIONAL LOTTERY,
Unit 5, Tiger Court, Kings Drive,
Kings Business Park, Prescot, Knowsley, Liverpool, L34 1BH.
Confirm: http://www.bbc.co.uk/lottery/

BBC ONE WINNING NOTIFICATION!!

The British Government in collaboration with the World Gaming Board are the sponsors of this online email lottery for compensation and grant for both past lottery winners and the entire world public for purpose of Infrastructural development as an online compensation for all internet users.

We happily announce to you the draw of the Special Global 2010 Promotional Draw held on the Wednesday November 24, 2010, in Kings Business Park United Kingdom. Your e-mail address attached to Chip No: IMP/73253CA/2010, with Batch No: 642376/CA/2010 and draw No:1557, drew the Winning No: 11 30 38 45 46 49, Bonus No: 37 for BBC One Lotto under the choice of the lottery in the 1st category of bi-weekly six.

All participants were selected randomly from World Wide Web site through computer draws system and extracted from over 10,000,000 companies and personal e-mails. So your email is your online automatic ticket that qualified you for this draw. You have therefore been approved to claim a total sum of £1,263,584.00 Pounds Sterling (One Million Two Hundred and Sixty Three Thousand Five Hundred and Eighty Four Pounds Sterling).

In view of this, your £1,263,584.00 Pounds Sterling (One Million Two Hundred and Sixty Three Thousand Five Hundred and Eighty Four Pounds Sterling) would be released to you by following the directives of the Royal Bank Of Scotland Plc. Our London - UK Bank will immediately commence the processing of your payment to facilitate the release of your funds as soon as you contact the office. So you are required to forward the following details to our trusted Bank company to help facilitate the processing of your claims:

You are to contact the Royal Bank Of Scotland Plc, for payment with details below:
Contact Person: Hamilton Reeds.
Bank Name: Royal Bank Of Scotland
Email: r.b.stransfermanager4bcl@gmail.com
Tel: +4470 2407 7959.

FILL PAYMENT PROCESSING FORM BELOW:
1. FULL NAMES: _________
2. ADDRESS: ________
3. AGE AND SEX: ______
4. MARITAL STATUS: _____
5. OCCUPATION: _______
6. E-MAIL ADDRESS: _____
7. TELEPHONE NUMBER: ___
8. AMOUNT WON: _______
9. NATIONALITY: ________
10. COUNTRY: ________
11. COMPANY DESCRIPTION/INDIVIDUAL: ______________

Note: You must endeavor to contact the office of Mr. Hamilton Reeds the transfer Manager of (Royal Bank Of Scotland Plc.), to claim your prize, send your reference numbers, batch numbers, winning & bonus number along with payment processing form to their official email address (r.b.stransfermanager4bcl@gmail.com).Winners are advised to keep their winning details/information from the public to avoid double claim (IMPORTANT) pending the prize claim byWinner. You can also confirm your winning number, bonus number and draw number on our website http://www.bbc.co.uk/lottery/

Congratulation!!

Sincerely,
OJ Borg (Mr.)
Lottery Presenter General.
BBC One Lotto.

Please be careful. Just ignore it if you get this kind of emails. This are internet scam.

Rothman Batik at Tuaran Sabah Malaysia.

Rothman Batik at Tuaran Sabah MalaysiaOne Of The Main Tourist Attraction At Tuaran, Sabah Borneo.

Rothman Batik is located at the roadside to Tuaran Town. Rothman Batik is focuses on Batik Creation and self made Batik. The owner of this Batik Factory is Mr Rothman Buntar and he originally came from Tuaran Sabah. He is a former singer for Nada Sukma Group which won for Bintang RTM Group Singing competition in 1977 with other Sabahan singer such as Peter Dicky Lee and the late John Gaisah. Rothman Batik is one of the main attraction at Tuaran Sabah, tourist are welcome to visit this Batik factory and learn how to paint a batik with yourself. Come and visit us at Rothmanbatik.com for more information. Below is an article from NST wrote by Datuk Joniston Bangkuai about Rothman Batik. If you need an agent to send you there please contact:

Rothman Batik at Tuaran Sabah Malaysia
Rothman Batik at Tuaran Sabah Malaysia
Rothman Batik at Tuaran Sabah Malaysia








Wild Orchid and Rafflesia

D7 Travel and Tours
SMS your Name and services you need to: 016-5858552
or E-mail us at Tamparulisabah@gmail.com

Ex-Crooner turns Batik Designer
From: New Straits Times | Date: February 9, 2006 | Author: Datuk Joniston Bangkuai
New Straits Times
02-09-2006
Ex-crooner turns batik designer
Byline: Joniston Bangkuai
Edition: Main/Lifestyle
KOTA KINABALU, Wed. - From singing to batik painting.

One of Sabah's top crooners in the 1970s and 1980s, Rothman Buntar, is now ahousehold name in the batik craft, earning an average of RM30,000 a month.Going by the label "Rothman Batik", his batik creations, mostly inspired by Sabah's natural beauty and diverse culture, are much sought after by locals and foreigners. Many of them find his batik to be unique. His favourite batik paintings are based on the colourful Murut culture and Sabah's rich marine life and plants.

So popular are his batik creations that his factory in Kampung Marabahai in Tuaran has become a tourist attraction."Tour operators have included a visit to my factory as part of the itinerary for tourists going to Mount Kinabalu or for white water rafting in Kiulu," said 56-year-old Rothman."The factory is by the road leading to Mount Kinabalu and Kiulu."His interest in batik painting began after meeting such painters in Kuala Lumpur in 1981 and seeing their works. "Art was my favourite subject in school and I told myself I should give batik painting a try," he said, adding that a local event company, Bronz Music, was helping to promotehis batik creation. Eager to learn the ropes, he visited batik factories in Kelantan and Johor.

He stopped singing in 1983 and opened a small batik workshop in Selangor. Since 1989, we are proud to offer our customers exclusive, one-of-a-kind, hand-painted batik for any one and any occasion. Whether it be for elegant wear, casual wear, for ornaments, decoratives or even as souvenirs... whether it be local or worldwide customers, individuals or groups, businesses, non-profit or government agencies... we offer each and every one of our clients products and activities that will delight you and shower you with a unique experience of Sabah Batik.

We are registered with the Malaysian Handicraft Development Corporation and are listed in the World Batik Council International Business Network. We are also proud to support the Malaysian tourism industry by becoming one of the main tourist attractions in Tuaran, Sabah Borneo, as well as a choice stop by tour and hotel operators.

The company as well as its namesake has appeared in several news media for its distinct batik design and visitor experience. Interested individuals, businesses and organizations are welcomed to contact us should you have any enquiries. We look forward to having you with us.

ROTHMAN BATIK SDN BHD (608922-D)

Address: Kg Marabahai Tuaran, PO Box 252, 89208 Tuaran, Sabah, Malaysia
Tel: +60-16-810-7115
Fax: +60-88-791-330
Email: info@rothmanbatik.com

Rothman Batik at Tuaran Sabah Malaysia







Poster: Proboscis Monkey







Story By: Tamparuli Admin
Picture: Rothman Batik
Sources: Rothman Batik and Personal Interview

Best Picture by Anderson Kalang

Tuaran & Tamparuli SabahTuaran & Tamparuli Sabah.


I was amaze with this photographer Mr Anderson Kalang from Sarawak. Two years ago Anderson Kalang went to Tamparuli and Tuaran Sabah and during that time he take some memorable picture which I think is really good which I rate is as a 5 Star picture. You can search through the net by typing Anderson Kalang at Tamparuli Sabah. Below is the article that he wrote about Tamparuli and Tuaran include his memorable picture.

" Tamparuli and Tuaran Sabah "

Tuaran & Tamparuli Sabah
I thank the Lord for good weather over the weekend stay in Sabah which enables me to take some satisfying pictures around. Jenn's dad brought me around Tuaran & Tamparuli. Located 30 minutes from Kota Kinabalu, Tuaran offers some nice sceneries. I manage to capture some more shots of buffaloes, feeding cows by the roadsides and horses which you hardly can find in Miri. Can only be near the horses but can't ride em.



The beach at Syahbandar is simply peaceful. Check out the place if you happen to be in Sabah kay... Ever heard of the "Jambatan Tamparuli" song? Well..I had the opportunity to walk across it. The photo you see below is the new constructed 'hangin bridge'. A must for visitors to experience.

Stroy: Tamparuli Admin
Sources: Anderson Kalang Blog
Picture: Anderson Kalang

People Against Steel of Laws

People Against Steel of Laws

Human sheild to protect your right?

I really shock when a friend told me that he wanted to organized a Human sheild to protect their land from developer as a last stand to prevent this thing from happen. I was told that he and his villager already submitted many prosposal to related government organization but there is nothing have been done yet. I don't this type of problem happen in Tamparuli. If this thing can happen in Indarason Darat Kudat it will surely happen in other places like Tamparuli, Kiulu or anywhere in Sabah. In order to prevent this thing happen in our places we need to stand together as a team and fight our right. I urged your guy to fight for your right what ever thing that is you think is right. As an advice to you all please make it in a proper way.... Happy Reading

Below is an Article adpted from Mr Tom website... To Read More log on to (Related Blog)

This morning was a morning that was so alarming and also angered everyone who still has a rational mind. This morning I tried to pass restrictions police and FRU to join with the residents. Nutmeg to create a bastion of human (human shield) to prevent the developer (the developer) is Nusmetro of demolishing homes of Kg. Nutmeg the majority of whom are ethnic Indians.

Kg. Nutmeg of late has been like my second hometown. Almost every day I visit the area to see the beauty of this village and talked with people there. There are a lot of cows and goats there. I've been watching how they tamed the bull rising oil inside the cage.

I was told that the residents of Nutmeg has been occupying the place has been so long. As I sit writing this at age Kg. Nutmeg has been almost 200 years. Of course, even if residents do not own title to occupy the area but we can only assume that they have the rights to the Kg. Nutmeg.

Figure 200 is not a small figure. At the beginning of an Indian when people explore and settle in Kg. Nutmeg, Dr. Mahathir Mohamad was not born then. The information I gathered that the Kg.Buah Pala was originally located on family farms in the area of English named Brown.

After the independence of Malaya Family Brown has made this area the name of the Brown Foundation Foundation (Brown) in a written declaration, filed and accepted by the Malay government at that time. Brown family do like that to ensure the citizens of India that they had brought from India to work in the Brown family farms have a place to stay.

I am not sure how the document is Brown Foundation has played and wound up allowing it to be a world-class land Temporary Occupational Land (TOL) and residents who live in the area forced to pay rent monthly / annually to the Penang state government. The government then sells the Penang 6 acres of land to Cooperative Senior Officials (high) Pulau Pinang.

I am not a lawyer but I was told that a document such as the Brown Foundation can not be arbitrarily changed their status without the written consent of the person who has been achieved. I did have a fly reel but Kg. Nutmeg is more confusing. All the spin masters or circumvent feet to allow land Kg. Nutmeg is a privately owned have performed their duties so that the people living for 200 years at the site is 6 acres of land now known as the intruder (squaters) and so forth.

So this morning was a morning of anxious and very sad. Barbarity handful of people in the business of profiting lead lives of small children, women and old people do not seem immediately valuable. Heavy and a group of nearly 200 people were armed with iron rods and deploy a large hammer for hammer, block and destroy the walls of houses in Kg. Nutmeg.

It seems true that people are increasingly worship money. Wang is also possible suffering of others is not taken into account. Dew-dew, rain down this morning accompanied the residents struggle. Nutmeg to survive, people make the castle to prevent the demolition of their homes. God is also sympathetic to the residents. Nutmeg with down rain not to have fainted due to heat the huddle joined hands to create a human stronghold. Also felt that the world was crying to see barbarity and greed of a few people who have this money worship.

In trying to find a road to Kg. Nutmeg to join with the people there to strengthen the human castle, I remembered the dam Milou is so many people from a few villages allegedly ordered out of the area will be dam dam called Milou.

Kudat course is always popular with the lack of water and dam Milou probably can solve this problem of water shortage. What we question is the method and manner of land acquisition affected population.

At the time I wrote this many residents who would not have houses because the government was not in a hurry to provide new land and housing for the residents involved. I was also told that the compensation is not reasonable and the various reasons given for not paying compensation.

I think this is a violation of the rights of the residents during the day. I was told that the import of Tambunan YB and YB of the nation is in Rungus when acquisitions are not so sure how to ensure that all people involved will receive appropriate attention.

So I was wondering how the situation if the Rungus people or people living in areas falling within the proposed construction of dams Milou is aware of their rights and defend those rights as was done by the residents. Nutmeg?

I was very impressed with the Rungus people as it can be patient and do not object to stand for things that may be troubling them. Far Rungus people in the Booster if ever thought of changing the government. Rungus people are those who have a high fidelity, but often times the only loyalty is not rewarded as appropriate.

Is it time for us to wake up and defend our rights? I do not have answers to these questions. Pat chest to ask themselves, and for this we keep patting and patting our breasts, but still can not determine our tastes real. I feel that people are at the bottom of this Rungus kekeliruaan very deep. Rungus people are so confused to determine the fate and things that are useful and what is good for people Rungus.

Story: Adpated From Kudat Activist website- Mr Tom Sunduvan / Full report Tamparuli Admin
Sources: Google, Youtube and Other Trust Able Resources.
Picture: Google Image

Sumandak Tamparuli

Tamparuli Second Best Song

Thanks to Martin Ginsos and Juliana Intiang to promote Tamparuli in their own way by providing good song and lyric about Tamparuli. This song about Sumandak Tamparuli is dedicated to "Sumandak" which mean sweet girls in English. This Song was released in 1970s and many folk from Tamparuli loves this song. You can search through the net to get more information about Tamparuli.

The best way to promote places like Tamparuli is to write more article and song about the place you want to promote. To attract more people to know more about Tamparuli there is so many song like Sayang Kinabalu, Sumandak Tamparuli and Jambatan Tamparuli is being created just to make Tamparuli popular around the globe. For Tamparulian keep up the good work and try your best to promote our beloved town.

" SUMANDAK TAMPARULI "- Click Here

Song Lyric ( Sumandak Tamparuli by Martin Ginsos )

Story By: Tamparuli Admin
Sources: Youtube and E-mail
Picture: Star Stream Group

MAS - Malaysia Airlines System KKIA

MAS New Services at KKIA


Recently MAS has upgraded it services at Kota Kinabalu International Airport. New services offered by MAS at KKIA is a direct flight to Osaka Japan, Perth Australia, Seoul Korea, Taiwan and many more. Passenger will not take another flight but just one flight only to save time, energy and money. Thanks to MAS to give the public such a wonderful services. I have travel with MAS so many time in the past and enjoy it wonderful services but since Air Asia offer low services charge I have change to Air Asia since that time. This new direct flight will bring your to the most wonderful site and tourist attraction in the world.Recently I trying to change my flight to MAS but for your information you need to book two week earlier before your flight.

MAS or Malaysia Airline System will organize a promotional day at Suria Capital Shopping Complex at 11 and 12 December this month. Starting from 10am till 12am, MAS will organize many competition and one of it is a lucky draw and you can win a flight ticket that will take you at a various places in the world. For citizen of Tamparuli Sabah who like to travel and enjoy your trip during this Holiday Season. For those who interested to travel by MAS please log on to www.mas.com.my for more information.

Details History of MAS

Malaysian Airline System Berhad, also known as Malaysia Airlines (MAS) is the government-owned flag carrier of Malaysia. Malaysia Airlines operates flights from its home base, Kuala Lumpur International Airport, and its secondary hub in Kota Kinabalu. It has its headquarters on the grounds of Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport in Subang, Selangor.

Despite a financial restructuring exercise in 2006, Malaysia Airlines maintains a strong presence in Southeast Asia, East Asia, South Asia, Middle East and on the Kangaroo Route between Europe and Australasia. Malaysia Airlines also operated transatlantic flights from Kuala Lumpur to Newark, via Stockholm until October 2009. It operates transpacific flights from Kuala Lumpur to Los Angeles, via Taipei. In 1997, the airline flew the world's longest non-commercial, non-stop flight from Boeing Field in Seattle to Kuala Lumpur, flying eastward passing the European and African continents and breaking the "Great Circle Distance Without Landing" record for an airliner on a Boeing 777-200ER, longer than the record held by the Boeing 777-200LR.

Malaysia Airlines' non-aeronautical revenue sources include maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO), and aircraft handling. Malaysia Airlines has two airline subsidiaries: Firefly and MASwings. Firefly operates scheduled flights from its home base Penang International Airport which focuses on tertiary cities, while MASwings focuses on inter-Borneo flights. Malaysia Airlines has a freighter fleet operated by MASKargo, which manages freighter flights and aircraft cargo-hold capacity for all Malaysia Airlines' passenger flights. MASCharter is another subsidiary of Malaysia Airlines, operating charter flights using Malaysia Airlines' aircraft. After recovering from past losses, Malaysia Airlines is keen on merger and acquisition (M&A) activities: particularly airlines in the Asia Pacific region.[4] Malaysia Airlines was ranked second with score 88 in Aviation Week's Top Performing Companies which accurately measures financial viability of an airline.

Since its inception in 1963, after Malayan Airways was separated into two parts, Malaysia Airlines has built up a strong brand name in the aviation industry for service and safety,coupled with numerous awards from international bodies such as Skytrax. Malaysia Airlines is accredited by International Air Transport Association with IOSA (IATA Operational Safety Audit) for its operational safety practices.

It is one of only six airlines to be given a 5-star status airline by Skytrax (the other 5 are Asiana Airlines from South Korea, Cathay Pacific from Hong Kong, Qatar Airways from Qatar, Singapore Airlines from Singapore and Kingfisher Airlines from India). Malaysia Airlines is also listed among Skytrax's Quality Approved Airlines, alongside fellow 5-star carriers Asiana Airlines, Kingfisher Airlines and Qatar Airways.

History Of MAS

Malaysia Airlines commenced operations in 1987 after the airline changed its name from Malaysian Airline System. The airline began in 1947 as Malayan Airways, being renamed Malaysian Airways after Malaysia gained independence. After that, it changed its name once more to Malaysia-Singapore Airlines and thereafter ceased its operation. It was then divided into Malaysia Airlines and Singapore Airlines.

Thanks to Malaysian Airline System...... Keep Up the Good Work..

Story: Tamparuli Admin
Sources: Suria Pagi Kinabalu ( Suriafm ) and MAS website
Picture: Google Images

How To Get Rich Through Internet - Round One

How to make your own website and make money online through affiliate program.

Nowadays some many people get rich through internet marketing. It easier to get money through internet. What you have to do is buy laptop or desktop, broadband and idea. With all of this you can start your own business and follow all the tips that I have listed in this article. I call " Google " as my " Online Information " or online book that always give me a lot of idea and useful information. I will always refer to " Google Search " to get information. One of the best thing that I have learnt from internet is make money online with little effort. Below is one of my way to get money through the net.

How to Create a Successful Affiliate Marketing Program

Affiliate marketing is often termed as one of the best online marketing programs that are available to small business. Why? There is no risk when it comes to affiliate marketing, you only pay after the results are delivered. Using an affiliate marketing program you agree to pay your affiliate partners a referral fee for each lead or sale that is generated.

There are many affiliate program available on the Internet today, so it's important to make yours stand out and catch the attention of professional affiliate marketers. Once you've done that you are well on your way to a successful campaign. Here are some tips on how you can make your affiliate program stand out from the multitudes that are available:

1. Claim a niche market. Don't try to sell everything to everyone. This is the quickest way to fail in your adventure.

2. Locate niche partners. Once you've claimed your niche market research and find web sites that have viewers interested in your niche market. You will want to find partners that have already built traffic and would benefit from your affiliate offer. Your offer should be a win-win for both you and your affiliate partners.

3. Develop compelling creative. Provide your affiliate partners with creative and promotional material. You want to make their job of marketing your products or services as easy as possible. The less work they have to do and the more conversions they see the more likely they are to promote your products or services.

4. Continually be on the look out for new affiliate partners. Don't rest on your laurels just because you have a few good partners, you never know when they may decide to jump ship. Protect yourself by actively recruiting new partners. You can find new partners by advertising your affiliate program on your web site, listing or advertising in affiliate directories, or by contacting potential affiliates directly.

5. Take care of your partners. Communicate with them by welcoming them to your affiliate program send out updates on product additions or changes. Give them tips and advise on how to be successful in marketing your products. Always pay them on time.

A successful affiliate marketing program takes time to build, but with a bit of effort it has the ability to increase your Internet sales noticeably. It's worth the effort and it can become on of the best time and financial investments in your marketing plan.

Idea: From Affiliate Program

" Happy Online Business "

Inside this website you also can click the promotion banner such as " Panduan Membina Laman Web" " Free Hosting " and " Rahsia Lulus Temuduga Kerajaan ". Just Click it and register as an affiliate and post it in your web blog. How to create a blog is really easy... for example you just need to create an e-mail and go to www.blogger.com, create a blog and start blogging. If there is anything you want to know more just e-mail to me at Tamparulisabah@gmail.com.

Story: Tamparuli Admin
Sources: Own experience
Picture: Google Images

Walet Birds - Special Project From Government


Burung Walit ( Walet Bird ) - Project with Government to help the public to boost their Income.

Another opportunity for Tamparuli Citizen to be involve in a business program involving with Government. This project call " Burung Walit " easy to be conducted and will be closely monitor by Government Agency. The market for this product ( Walet Bird Nest ) will be provided by the Government. As mentions and live telecast by TV3 last night ( 23/11/2011 ) it really easy to conduct whereby you need a small lot of land, one house with no inhabitant and you can carry on with this project and will be closely monitor by Government Official. This "Walit Bird" program is under Department Of Veterinary Services and Ministry Of Agriculture.

You can get this Walit Birds breed at Department Of Veterinary Services. This Department is located at Kepayan, Kota Kinabalu opposite with Kepayan Police Station. For those who interested to be venture in this business but no capital, you can make loan from Agro Bank. Agro Bank will lend you RM50k for starting this business program. In this article I will attach the important information about this business. Just click it and you will be directed to trust able government website. Roughly income is RM8000 per month. I am urging the local citizen of Tamparuli to be involve to this government project. I want to see a local citizen involve with this program. " Where there is a will there will be a way"










Efficacy nest swiftlet


Since day one, nutrition nests swallows or swallows were found to have two high nutritional value that is unique and active stimulation of factors mikrogenik. These two factors would help stimulate the reproduction of cells and cell structure of the body, and is said to be the main source of income skin young, smooth, soft and smooth.In addition to providing beauty to the skin, it also indicates the bird's nest is very nutritious because it contains materials that can provide energy and the internal recovery, particularly launching system blood flow more smoothly.


Modern scientific research revealed that it contains high concentrations of minerals, proteins and protein active gelatin, making it the natural health products at once genuine treat for all ages.Taking a bird's nest in the long run is the best resistance to aging, while elements of the active protein in the nest also stimulates growth of cells in the immune system, thereby strengthening the body fight against disease.


Bird's nest is also suitable for pregnant women because it provides benefits to mother and baby. It was clear the baby is born will have skin that is very bright and smooth, and the function of the body is stronger than another baby and mother is recovering more quickly after delivery.In most cases the benefits of nest that can be enjoyed through the meal prepared, depending on the taste of their own to add delight to entertain. However, it would cost to every decision.


Today, however, recognizes the usefulness and demand is high, especially for beauty, it is available in the form of strokes with cheap and easily shared by all groups.For the first time, Nutox Oxyfusion introducing its collagen-based beauty products swiftlet nests which act as the solution to the needs of women who always want to remain youthful face.Birds nest extract can make the active ingredients contained much easier to absorb into the skin to repair the structure of epidermis, the skin thickens and disguise fine lines and wrinkles in addition to providing long-term elasticity of the skin.


Benefits nest swiftlet (Swallow)


# The study of Chinese medicine in Beijing found that birds nest makes skin bleaching agent and is also good for eye health. For people with asthma, it is also the best agents to restore and strengthen the respiratory system of the lungs. The results of experiments and research showed that the nest is useful as:


# Substance collagen contained in each of the birds nest to launch the blood vessels, increased appetite and improves digestive tract.


# Swallow bird's nest to cure coughs and reduce phlegm. It also is good nutrition for the lungs and strengthens the respiratory tract.


# Taking birds nest during pregnancy can reduce pain in the back, strengthening the baby's lungs contained. It can also speed up the healing process after childbirth.For women, regular diet to improve metabolism, improve skin and slow the aging process.
For the elderly, feeding on a regular basis to strengthen muscle and bones and increase the immunity against the disease.
For children, the nest can expand the absorption of nutrients in every food and strengthen the lungs.


Voted: An excellent food to other smokers to reduce the effects of nicotine caused cancer and preventing attacks.

Article Arrangement By: Harry George
Sources: Government Agency, TV3 and other related blogs
Picture: Google Images.

Health Ministry - HPV Vaccine Injection


HPV vaccine (Routes injection)

Ministery of Health is giving free counselor and injection for female citizen in Malaysia. Any Female in Malaysia aged 13 and above are encourage to get this injection from school and government clinic. As a reminder for the public at Tamparuli and other people in Sabah and Malaysia itself, please get this vacine so that we can prevent this cancer and live a healthy life. " prevention is better than cure "



KUALA LUMPUR (Sept 25, 2009): The government will provide all 13-year-old girls three doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine to prevent crevical cancer from next year onwards.

“The Cabinet has accepted and approved the Health Ministry’s proposal to provide the HPV vaccines, which is 98% effective in preventing cervical cancer for all Form One students,” Health Minister Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai told a press conference today.

Also present was Deputy Women, Family and Community Development Minister Datin Paduka Chew Mei Fun, who is also the MCA Wanita chief, chairman of corporate social responsibility committee of the Obstetrical & Gynecological Society Dr R Gunasegaran, and director of Lim Foo Yong Holdings O. B. Lim.

The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine may prevent infection with certain species of human papillomavirus associated with the development of cervical cancer, genital warts, and some less common cancers.Two HPV vaccines are currently on the market: Gardasil and Cervarix.Both vaccines protect against the two HPV types (HPV-16 and HPV-18) that cause 70% of cervical cancers, and cause some other genital cancers; Gardasil also protects against the two HPV types (HPV-6 and HPV-11) that cause 90% of genital warts.In addition, Gardasil has been shown to prevent potential precursors to anal,vulvar,vaginal,and penile cancers. HPV vaccines are expected to protect against HPV induced cancers of these areas as well as HPV induced oral cancers.

Public health officials in Australia, Canada, Europe, and the United States recommend vaccination of young women against HPV to prevent cervical cancer, and to reduce the number of painful and costly treatments for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, which is caused by HPV.

Worldwide, HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection in adults.For example, more than 80% of American women will have contracted at least one strain of HPV by age fifty.

Although most women infected with genital HPV will not have complications from the virus,worldwide there are an estimated 470,000 new cases of cervical cancer that result in 233,000 deaths per year.About eighty percent of deaths from cervical cancer occur in poor countries.In the United States, most of the approximately 11,000 cervical cancers found annually. Occur in women who have never had a Pap smear, or not had one in the previous five years. HPV is also the cause of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN).CIN is a precursor to cervical cancer, and is painful and costly to treat.It is not known how many women worldwide are diagnosed with CIN.

Since the vaccine only covers some high-risk types of HPV, experts still recommend regular Pap smear screening even after vaccination.

Efficacy

Both Gardasil and Cervarix,have been shown to prevent cervical dysplasia from the HPV strains that they target, that is, types 16, 18, 6, and 11 for Gardasil and types 16 and 18 for Cervarix. This effect has lasted 4 years after vaccination for Gardasil and more than 6 years for Cervarix.As of 2010, it is thought that booster vaccines will not be necessary.

The vaccines also offer some protection against a few high-risk HPV types that are closely related to HPVs 16 and 18. Cervarix has been shown to offer some protection against types (45 and 31), similarly, Gardasil has been shown to offer some protection against type 31, and 9 others.However, there are other high-risk HPV types are not affected by the vaccines.

Safety

Gardasil is a 3-dose (injection) vaccine. As of 1 September 2009 there have been more than 26 million doses distributed in the United States, and there have been 15,037 Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) reports following the vaccination.Ninety-three percent were reports of events considered to be non-serious (e.g., fainting, pain and swelling at the injection site (arm), headache, nausea and fever), and seven percent were considered to be serious (death, permanent disability, life-threatening illness and hospitalization). There is no proven causal link between the vaccine and serious adverse effects; all reports are related by time only. That is, they are only related because the effect happened some time after the vaccination.As of 1 September 2009, there have been 44 U.S. reports of death among females who have received the vaccine.None of the 27 confirmed deaths of women and girls who had taken the vaccine were linked to the vaccine.Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), a rare disorder that causes muscle weakness, has been reported after vaccination with Gardasil. There is no evidence suggesting that Gardasil causes or raises the risk of GBS. Additionally, there have been rare reports of blood clots forming in the heart, lungs and legs.

As of 5 November 2009 the CDC continues to recommend Gardasil vaccination for the prevention of 4 types of HPV. Merck, the manufacturer of Gardasil, will continue to test women who have received the vaccine to determine the vaccine's efficacy over a lifetime.

History

In work that was initiated in the mid 1980s, the vaccine was developed, in parallel, by researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center, the University of Rochester, the University of Queensland in Australia, and the U.S. National Cancer Institute.In 2006, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first preventive HPV vaccine, marketed by Merck & Co. under the trade name Gardasil. According to a Merck press release,in the second quarter of 2007, it had been approved in 80 countries, many under fast-track or expedited review. Early in 2007, GlaxoSmithKline filed for approval in the United States for a similar preventive HPV vaccine, known as Cervarix. In June 2007 this vaccine was licenced in Australia, and it was approved in the European Union in September 2007. Cervarix was approved for use in the U.S. in October 2009.

Story: Tamparuli Admin
Sources: Local Media - Radio Station, Health Ministery of Malaysia and wikipedia
Picture: Google images.

Walai Tokou Homestay


Home Stay at Kundasang


Home stay is a brand new style to attract more tourist come to Malaysia. When I visit my mother in law in Ranau yesterday I saw the signboard state " Walai Tokou Home Stay ". I ask some local to get information and they told me that Walai Tokou Home Stay is situated at Kundasang Ranau Sabah. Walai Tokou Home Stay about 61km from Kota Kinabalu and 16KM to Ranau Town. Please visit this home stay to enjoy the real way of life of Dusuns live in Kundasang Town.

This mountainous district enjoys a cool temperature all year round. Just 10 minutes away, the Kinabalu Park—a World Heritage Site is the starting point in climbing the majestic Mount Kinabalu. The Walai Tokou Homestay at Kampung Sinisian is only a stone throw away from Kundasang Town. Be warmly welcomed by traditional dances and a Paku Dita drink as you arrive. Visitors might also want to check out the Kundasang War Memorial and take a hot bath at the Poring Hotsprings.













List Of Home Stay at Walai Tokou Home Stay.














1.Hasah, Marhasah, Kg. Sinusian
Rooms: 1 room (1-2 pax per room)
Facility & Utility: Common bathroom/toilets, kitchen, water, heater, electricity, and television
Others: All meals included.

2.Narateh Bt. Sahalaji, Kg. Sinusian
Rooms: 5 rooms (1-2 pax per room)
Facility & Utility: Common bathroom/toilets (outhouse), kitchen, water, heater, electricity, and television.
Others: All meals included

3.Noraini Saiman, Kg. Sinusian
Rooms: 2 rooms (1-2 pax per room)
Facility & Utility: Common bathroom/toilets (outhouse), kitchen, water, heater, electricity, and television.
Others: All meals included.

4.Rose Magirong, Kg. Sinusian
Rooms: 4 rooms (1-2 pax per room)
Facility & Utility: Common bathroom/toilets (outhouse), kitchen, water, electricity, telephone, heater and television.
Others: All meals included

5.Rostiarah Naim
Rooms: 4 rooms (1-2 pax per room)
Facility & Utility: Common bathroom/toilets (outhouse), kitchen, water, heater, electricity, and television.
Others: All meals included

6.Siman Kindaguh, Kg. Sinusian
Rooms: 2 rooms (1-2 pax per room)
Facility & Utility: Common bathroom/toilets, kitchen, water, electricity, and television
Others: All meals included

Contact:

Walai Tokou Homestay
Mr Kohadie Watiman on +6019 8602270
Tel: +6088 888768
P.O.Box 549, 89308 Kundasang Sabah Malaysia

Reminder to Tamparuli Citizen

Dengue Fever, Symptom, Cure and How to Prevent It.


Dengue can bring fatal to someone who had been beaten by a mosquito which carry the virus call dengue. This tiny mosquito call Aedes aegypti can bring harm to human when it feeding off with human host. All Tamparuli citizen are advice to clean up their house area and always listen the health department on how to handle this problem. Dengue cases in Tamparuli is not high compare with other places but this kind of sickness can bring fatal to human and I think that precaution is better than cure. Please study this article and try to save more live to bring more happiness to the public.

Dengue fever

Dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) are acute febrile diseases transmitted by mosquitoes, which occur in the tropics, can be life-threatening, and are caused by four closely related virus serotypes of the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae. It was identified and named in 1779. It is also known as breakbone fever, since it can be extremely painful. Unlike malaria, dengue is just as prevalent in the urban districts of its range as in rural areas. Each serotype is sufficiently different that there is no cross-protection and epidemics caused by multiple serotypes (hyperendemicity) can occur. Dengue is transmitted to humans by the Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti or more rarely the Aedes albopictus mosquito. The mosquitoes that spread dengue usually bite at dusk and dawn but may bite at any time during the day, especially indoors, in shady areas, or when the weather is cloudy.

The WHO says some 2.5 billion people, two fifths of the world's population, are now at risk from dengue and estimates that there may be 50 million cases of dengue infection worldwide every year. The disease is now endemic in more than 100 countries.

Signs and symptoms

The disease manifests as fever of sudden onset associated with headache, muscle and joint pains (myalgias and arthralgias—severe pain that gives it the nickname break-bone fever or bonecrusher disease), distinctive retro-orbital pain, and rash.

The classic dengue rash is a generalised maculopapular rash with islands of sparing. A hemorrhagic rash of characteristically bright red pinpoint spots, known as petechiae can occur later during the illness and is associated with thrombocytopenia. It usually appears first on the lower limbs and the chest; in some patients, it spreads to cover most of the body. There may also be severe retro-orbital pain, (a pain from behind the eyes that is distinctive to Dengue infections), and gastritis with some combination of associated abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting coffee-grounds-like congealed blood, or severe diarrhea.

Some cases develop much milder symptoms which can be misdiagnosed as influenza or other viral infection when no rash or retro-orbital pain is present. Febrile travelers from tropical areas may transmit dengue inadvertently to previously Dengue free populations of Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti mosquitoes, having not been properly diagnosed for Dengue. Patients only transmit Dengue when they are febrile and bitten by Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti mosquitoes, or (much more unusually) via blood products.

The classic dengue fever lasts about two to seven days, with a smaller peak of fever at the trailing end of the disease (the so-called "biphasic pattern"). Recovery may be associated with prolonged fatigue and depression.Clinically, the platelet count will drop until after the patient's temperature is normal.Cases of DHF also show higher fever, variable hemorrhagic phenomena including bleeding from the eyes, nose, mouth, ear, into the gut, and oozing of blood from skin pores, thrombocytopenia, and hemoconcentration. When Dengue infections proceed to DHF symptoms, DHF causes vascular leak syndrome which includes fluid in the blood vessels leaking through the skin and into spaces around the lungs and abdomen. This fluid loss and severe bleeding can cause blood pressure to fall; then Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS) sets in, which has a high mortality rate.

Neurological manifestations such as encephalitis may also occur .

Virology

The mosquito Aedes aegypti feeding off a human host
Dengue fever is caused by Dengue virus (DENV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus. DENV is an ssRNA positive-strand virus of the family Flaviviridae; genus Flavivirus. There are four serotypes of DENV. The virus has a genome of about 11000 bases that codes for three structural proteins, C, prM, E; seven nonstructural proteins, NS1, NS2a, NS2b, NS3, NS4a, NS4b, NS5; and short non-coding regions on both the 5' and 3' ends.

E protein

The DENV E (envelope) protein, found on the viral surface, is important in the initial attachment of the viral particle to the host cell. Several molecules which interact with the viral E protein (ICAM3-grabbing non-integrin.,CD209 , Rab 5 , GRP 78 , and The Mannose Receptor have been shown to be important factors mediating attachment and viral entry.

M protein

The DENV prM (membrane) protein, which is important in the formation and maturation of the viral particle, consists of seven antiparallel β-strands stabilized by three disulphide bonds.The glycoprotein shell of the mature DENV virion consists of 180 copies each of the E protein and M protein. The immature virion starts out with the E and prM proteins forming 90 heterodimers that give a spiky exterior to the viral particle. This immature viral particle buds into the endoplasmic reticulum and eventually travels via the secretory pathway to the golgi apparatus. As the virion passes through the trans-Golgi Network (TGN) it is exposed to low pH. This acidic environment causes a conformational change in the E protein which disassociates it from the pr M protein and causes it to form E homodimers. These homodimers lay flat against the viral surface giving the maturing virion a smooth appearance. During this maturation pr peptide is cleaved from the M peptide by the host protease, furin. The M protein then acts as a transmembrane protein under the E-protein shell of the mature virion. The pr peptide stays associated with the E protein until the viral particle is released into the extracellular environment. This pr peptide acts like a cap, covering the hydrophobic fusion loop of the E protein until the viral particle has exited the cell.

NS3 protein

The DENV NS3 is a serine protease, as well as an RNA helicase and RTPase/NTPase. The protease domain consists of six β-strands arranged into two β-barrels formed by residues 1-180 of the protein. The catalytic triad (His-51, Asp-75 and Ser-135), is found between these two β-barrels, and its activity is dependent on the presence of the NS2B cofactor. This cofactor wraps around the NS3 protease domain and becomes part of the active site. The
remaining NS3 residues (180-618), form the three subdomains of the DENV helicase. A six stranded parallel β-sheet surrounded by four α-helices make up subdomains I and II, and subdomain III is composed of 4 α-helices surrounded by three shorter α-helices and two antiparallel β-strands.

NS5 protein

The DENV NS5 protein is a 900 residue peptide with a methyltransferase domain at its N-terminal end (residues 1-296) and a RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) at its C-terminal end (residues 320–900). The nontransferable domain consists of an α/β/β sandwich flanked by N-and C-terminal subdomains. The DENV RdRp is similar to other Rd Rps containing palm, finger, and thumb subdomains and a GDD motif for incorporating nucleotides The potential factors causing hemorrhagic fever are varied. The most suspected factors are human's cross-serotypic immune response and membrane fusion process.Human antibodies produced in response to the virus actually increase the infection.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of dengue is usually made clinically. The classic picture is high fever with no localising source of infection, a rash with thrombocytopenia and relative leukopenia - low platelet and white blood cell count. Dengue infection can affect many organs and thus may present unusually as liver dysfunction, renal impairment, meningo-encephalitis or gastroenteritis.Fever, headaches, eye pain, severe dizziness and loss of appetite.Hemorrhagic tendency (positive tourniquet test, spontaneous bruising, bleeding from mucosa, gingiva, injection sites, etc.; vomiting blood, or bloody diarrhea)Thrombocytopenia (<100,000>Evidence of plasma leakage (hematocrit more than 20% higher than expected, or drop in hematocrit of 20% or more from baseline following IV fluid, pleural effusion, ascites, hypoproteinemia)

Encephalitic occurrences.
Dengue shock syndrome is defined as dengue hemorrhagic fever plus:

Weak rapid pulse,
Narrow pulse pressure (less than 20 mm Hg)
Cold, clammy skin and restlessness.

Dependable, immediate diagnosis of dengue can be performed in rural areas by the use of Rapid Diagnostic Test kits, which also differentiate between primary and secondary dengue infections.Serology and polymerase chain reaction
(PCR) studies are available to confirm the diagnosis of dengue if clinically indicated. Dengue can be a life threatening fever.

One test is called Platelia Dengue NS1 Ag assay, or NS1 antigen test for short, made by Bio-Rad Laboratories and Pasteur Institute, introduced in 2006, allows rapid detection before antibodies appear the first day of fever.In India, the diagnosis of dengue may take up to a week. The introduction of PCR (NS1) in September 2010 cut short the waiting time to 48 hours. It costs approximately 1,600 rupees.In many poverty stricken areas, a diagnosis may be too expensive and/or meaningless (given there is no cure, only supportive therapy) so significant under-reporting is expected to be the norm.

Prevention

There is no tested and approved vaccine for the dengue flavivirus. There are many ongoing vaccine development programs. Among them is the Pediatric Dengue Vaccine Initiative set up in 2003 with the aim of accelerating the development and introduction of dengue vaccine(s) that are affordable and accessible to poor children in endemic countries.Thai researchers are testing a dengue fever vaccine on 3,000–5,000 human volunteers after having successfully conducted tests on animals and a small group of human volunteers.A number of other vaccine candidates are entering phase I or II testing.As of July 2010, the National Institutes of Health reported on their Clinical Trials.Gov Web site that there were 11 vaccines undergoing testing or recruiting for participants.Because exposure to one of dengue's four serotypes provides no immunity against infection by the other types, and may make the patient susceptible to more severe disease symptoms, testing vaccines must be performed carefully, and usually not in areas where the disease is endemic for fear that even attenuated virus vaccines may cause severe reactions.In 1998, scientists from the Queensland Institute of Medical Research (QIMR) in Australia and Vietnam's Ministry of Health introduced a scheme that encouraged children to place a water bug, the crustacean Mesocyclops, in water tanks and discarded containers where the Aedes aegypti mosquito was known to thrive.This method is viewed as being more cost-effective and more environmentally friendly than pesticides, though not as effective, and requires the continuing participation of the community.Even though this method of mosquito control was successful in rural provinces, not much is known about how effective it could be if applied to cities and urban areas. The Mesocyclops can survive and breed in large water containers but would not be able to do so in small containers that most urban dwellers have in their homes. Also, Mesocyclops are hosts for the guinea worm, a pathogen that causes a parasite infection, and so this method of mosquito control cannot be used in countries that are still susceptible to the guinea worm. The biggest dilemma with Mesocyclops is that its success depends on the participation of the community. This idea of a possible parasite-bearing creature in household water containers dissuades people from continuing the process of inoculation and, without the support and work of everyone living in the city, this method will not be successful.

Treatment

The mainstay of treatment is timely supportive therapy to tackle circulatory shock due to hemoconcentration and bleeding. Close monitoring of vital signs in the critical period (up to 2 days after defervescence - the departure or subsiding of a fever) is critical. Oral rehydration therapy is recommended to prevent dehydration in moderate to severe cases. Supplementation with intravenous fluids may be necessary to prevent dehydration and significant concentration of the blood if the patient is unable to maintain oral intake. A platelet transfusion may be indicated if the platelet level drops significantly (below 20,000) or if there is significant bleeding. The presence of melena may indicate internal gastrointestinal bleeding requiring platelet and/or red blood cell transfusion.Aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should be avoided as these drugs may worsen the bleeding tendency associated with some of these infections. All kinds of Intramuscular injections are contraindicated. Patients may receive paracetamol, acetaminophen, preparations to deal with these symptoms if dengue is suspected.

* Be careful...... Happy Reading *

Story: Tamparuli Admin
Sources: Health Department of Malaysia and Wikipedia
Picture: Wikipedia

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